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SUPPLIERS’ AND USERS’ RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE CONTENTS OF INTERNET PAGES UNDER THE LEGAL AND SOCIAL REGULATIONS

The aim of this paper is to present a map of hazards for the global network and identify entities responsible for the content of web pages (Internet Content Providers, Internet Service Providers and users of global networks), an analysis of the legal basis of their activities and the responsibility resulting from them in the title field (Directive 2000/31/EC of 8 June 2000, Art. 12-15, Act of 18 July 2002, Art. 14). In addition, the verification of self-regulatory actions (European Internet Service Providers Associations) and a discussion on the codes of content providers and Internet Service Providers (among others: Spam code of Conduct of ISPA - Austria, Evropská Asociace Státnich Loterii A Toto Spolecnosti – the Czech Republic, Code of Conduct for search engines/Verhaltenssubkodex Suchmaschinenanbieter der FSM - Germany and others). The article is concluded by an analysis of the codes of Internet users, that is, Netiquette, and summarising conclusions and demands. The responsibility for the content found on websites is borne by three groups of entities: Internet Content Providers, Internet Service Providers and Internet users. The applicable law is not always effective. First, it does not allow for the enforcement of national laws in other countries. This is crucial for the cross-border nature of the Internet. Secondly, there is a divergence between European and American regulations. Third, any attempt to block of harmful or illegal content is met with protests calling for freedom of speech. Effective responsibility requires combining the experiences of various countries on the basis of a common, unified, global law. Network Netiquettes as some kind of guides and signposts are designed to standardise the practices of Internet users. In particular, they relate to communication, requirements for websites, rules for the use of any material contained on the Internet and the related liability. Hence it is necessary to continuously work on Netiquette, and strive to adapt to the new realities posed by the changing reality. There is a need for a constant global forum discussion on the principles of Netiquette, which will foster social awareness of the existence of rules and reinforce the necessity of perceiving them in the context of the general well-being. It is necessary to foster global awareness of the common responsibility of all the members of the cyberworld for its current and future shape. This issue is important because of the multinational, multicultural and diverse (in terms of: age, race, religion and world outlook) nature of this community. The paper uses the analytical descriptive method.



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