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FINANCING EDUCATION IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT UNITS IN POLAND

Education is financed mostly by the national budget funds transferred to the local government units in the form of subsidies and grants. About 62% of those educational subsidies are received by communes. Schools compensate for the deficiency of budget funds with their own resources and with the resources from UE, from various foundations or private sources. The amount of the educational subsidy is determined according to an algorithm adopted for a given year and is divided between local government units on the basis of the number of schoolchildren. While calculating the subsidy, the teachers’ professional advancement degree, the number of disabled schoolchildren, type of school and other factors are taken into consideration. The resources for pre-school education and for different purposes, like school supplies, are provided for in the national budget. The extent to which local government units consume the educational component of the general subsidy is varied. Local governments finance educational activities from their own resources, by assigning them to bodies responsible for economic and administrative support of schools. The financing of educational tasks using EU funds has constituted significant support for the quality of education and development of competences.



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